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Yiddish Writers Postcard

Early 20th Century Yiddish Writers

The search for Jacob Dinezon began in 2002 while Scott Davis, a storyteller and former North Carolina public television producer, was working on a play based on the Jewish short stories of I. L. Peretz and Sholem Aleichem. During the research process, Scott was surprised to find another name popping up here and there—a name he had never heard before: Jacob Dinezon.

As Scott delved deeper, he discovered that during the late nineteenth century, Jacob Dinezon was not only a very successful Yiddish writer in his own right, he also befriended and mentored almost every major literary figure of his day, including Sholem Abramovitsh, I. L. Peretz, and Sholem Aleichem, often referred to as the “grandfather, father, and grandson of modern Yiddish literature.”

Sholem Aleichem

Sholem Aleichem

In fact, it turns out that Jacob Dinezon played a central role in the development of Yiddish as a literary language. He was an early advisor and contributor to Sholem Aleichem’s literary journal, Di yidishe folks-bibliotek (The Jewish People’s Library). He assisted Sholem Abramovitsh with book-related business issues. He published I. L. Peretz’s first collection of Yiddish stories, Bekante bilder (Familiar Pictures), and became Peretz’s business partner and intimate confidante. As Scott likes to say, “It was like finding out that Shakespeare had a best friend that nobody knew anything about.”

Yet there was a problem: when Scott went looking for stories by Jacob Dinezon, he couldn’t find any, because none of Dinezon’s books had ever been translated into English. Biographical information was also scarce, as most of it, too, was only in Yiddish.

I. L. Peretz

I. L. Peretz

The exciting discovery of several works by Jacob Dinezon at the Yiddish Book Center in Amherst, Massachusetts, presented an even greater obstacle: like so many other American Jews born after the Second World War, Scott had never learned Yiddish. So the tattered Yiddish books he held in his hands contained a literary treasure trove that was all locked up in a language he couldn’t understand.

What was he to do? Give it up? Let it go? How could he? His curiosity was piqued. This was too great a story!

What was needed was a professional Yiddish translator, and sure enough, the Yiddish Book Center had a list.

So in late 2003, with the encouragement of family members and close friends, Scott began the Jacob Dinezon Project in earnest with the commissioning of two professional English translations of short Dinezon biographies by Ruth Fisher Goodman of Delaware.

In 2004, Tina Lunson of Maryland, was commissioned to translate Jacob Dinezon’s collection of autobiographical short stories called Zikhroynes un bilder: Shtetl, kinderyorn, shrayber (Memories and Scenes: Shtetl, Childhood, Writers). And in 2005, Tina continued her work with the translation of Dinezon’s best-selling Yiddish novel, Ha’neahovim vha’neimim, oder Der shvartser yungermantshik (The Beloved and Pleasant, or The Dark Young Man).

dinezon-postcard

Jacob Dinezon

Five years later, Jane Peppler of North Carolina, was commissioned to translate two additional books, Yosele and Hershele.

In addition, Tina, Jane, and Archie Barkan of California, have provided English translations of Dinezon-related essays by I. L. Peretz, David Frishman, Shmuel Niger, Samuel Zitron, Baal-Makhshoves (Israel Isidor Elyashev), and Shmuel Rozhanski.

Over the next several months, as time permits, we will begin to make these translations available to readers in various forms, including online postings, books, and e-books, with the hope of bringing Jacob Dinezon’s works to a twentieth-first century audience.

“My dream,” says Scott Davis, “is to see an English translation of Jacob Dinezon’s stories sitting on the bookshelf beside the works of his friends, Sholem Abramovitsh, Sholem Aleichem, and I. L. Peretz. And to know that Jacob Dinezon has finally returned to his rightful place as the beloved uncle of modern Yiddish literature.”

About Our Translators

Tina Lunson is the former administrative director and senior consultant to the Vilnius Program in Yiddish Language and Literature. She worked with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as an expert consultant, researcher, and translator for several exhibitions, including “The Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto,” and served as historical consultant and on-site guide for two Holocaust-era film projects. Tina received her Master of Arts in Jewish History from Baltimore Hebrew University and has completed post-graduate work at Columbia University in Jewish Studies. Her English translations of works in Yiddish include Jacob Dinezon’s Zikhroynes un bilder and Der shvartser yungermantshik, Yizkerbukhs (Holocaust memorial books), and commissioned translations of family letters, personal papers, correspondence, and diaries.

Jane Peppler graduated from Yale University with a degree in Russian language and literature. She began singing Yiddish in 1983, studies Yiddish with Sheva Zucker, and attended two intensive summer courses at the Medem Bibliotheque. In addition to translating Yiddish stories by Sholem Aleichem, Ayzik Meyer Dik, and Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jane has completed English translations of Jacob Dinezon’s Yosele, Alter, and Hershele. In 2010, Jane released an album of Yiddish music entitled, “I Can’t Complain (But Sometimes I Still Do),” and is currently producing “Cabaret Warsaw: Yiddish and Polish Hits of the 1920s-1930s.”

Miri Koral is the CEO and founding director of the California Institute for Yiddish Culture and Language. She is a Lecturer at the University of California at Los Angeles and is an accomplished English translator of Yiddish poetry and prose. Her work has appeared in the Forverts (The Yiddish Daily Forward), the PakenTreger (Book Peddler), and the Yiddish literary journal Kheshbn (Reckoning).

Ruth Fisher Goodman is a professional translator of Yiddish books, documents, and letters. She was educated at the Workmen’s Circle Yiddish School in New York City, where her Jewish history and Yiddish literature teacher was Yudel Mark. Ruth is the author of the award-winning juvenile fiction book Pen Pals, published by Fithian Press in 1996. Her award-winning Easy Steps to the Hebrew Alphabet (Teach Yourself Hebrew) was published in 2000 and her translation of Yudel Mark’s young adult novel, The Jewish Pope: A Yiddish Tale, was published in 2006. In 2012, Ruth released her English translation of Jacob Dinezon’s Hershele, under the title, Yeshiva Boy: A Story of Piety and Young Love.

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