What’s In A Name

Headstone Unveiling Announcement for Fajga Kac 1929
Jacob Dinezon Postcard with Yiddish Name
Yiddish Author Jacob Dinezon

Over the past fifteen years, as I’ve spent time researching the life and career of the Yiddish author Jacob Dinezon, one piece of information has eluded me: the name of Dinezon’s older sister with whom he lived in Warsaw from the mid-1880s until his death in 1919.

Many biographers and memoirists speak of Dinezon’s small apartment in the home of his sister and her family, and an announcement in Warsaw’s Yiddish newspaper, Haynt, reveals the location of Dinezon’s passing:

“With deepest sorrow we announce to all family members and friends that Friday the 29th of August, 3 Elul, at 5:20 in the afternoon, after suffering for a short and difficult time, died our very beloved and unforgettable brother and uncle whose soul is in paradise YANKEV DINEZON. The funeral will take place today at one o’clock in the afternoon from his residence at Karmelica 29. —The mourners, his Sister and Family (trans. Tina Lunson).”

Yet there is no mention of Dinezon’s sister’s name in any of the Haynt’s extensive coverage of Dinezon’s final hours and elaborate funeral.

Having now entered the centennial year of Dinezon’s yortsayt—the 100th anniversary of his death—I finally decided to reach out to the members of the JewishGen Discussion Group to see if anyone could help shed light on Dinezon’s sister’s name. JewishGen is a genealogical website offering the ability to search millions of records in a vast array of online databases. (Learn more on Wikipedia or watch a touching video about the organization.) Volunteers belong to a variety of special interest groups (SIGs) and provide answers, insights, and translations to people who are working on ancestry questions and family trees. I receive email digests from several SIGs and have marveled at the information that is shared between participants.

On January 17, 2019, I posted an inquiry to JewishGen seeking suggestions on ways to locate Jacob Dinezon’s sister. I noted that Dinezon had lived with his sister and her family (including two daughters) at Dzielna No. 15 and Karmelicka (Karmelicka) No. 29 in Warsaw. I also mentioned the various transliterations I had found of Dinezon’s name: Dineson, Dinesohn, Dienesohn, Dynezon, and Dynesohn.

The message appeared, and the moderator requested “private responses only please,” so I wondered if anyone would respond. But in less than a day I began receiving emails from three JewishGenners: Nicole Berline from France, Adam Teitelbaum from the U.S., and Simon Srebrny from Germany. They not only revealed Dinezon’s sister’s name, but they also provided an answer to another major question that has plagued me for years: the accuracy of Jacob Dinezon’s birth year! Here is how the information came in over the next five days:

First, Nicole and Simon used the search engine Genealogy Indexer created by genealogist Logan Kleinwaks to search for Jacob Dinezon in the 1908 Adresy Warszawy (Warsaw Address and Business Directory). What they found was a listing for “DYNCZON Eljasz literat, Dzielna 15.” Dynczon, a new transliteration for Dinezon!

Dynczon Listing in 1905 Warsaw Directory
Listing for Eljasz Dynczon in the 1908 Warsaw Address and Business Directory

Then, using the database at JRI Poland (Jewish Records Indexing – Poland), Nicole discovered a memorial notice for “KAC, Fajga,” with a notation that her brother was “Jakob Dineson, writer.” Simon supported this with an image: the announcement of “Fajgi” Kac’s headstone unveiling in the Nasz przeglad: Organ niezależny.

Headstone Unveiling Announcement for Fajga Kac, 1930
Headstone Unveiling for Fajgi Kac, Jacob Dinezon‘s Sister, 1930

Adam translated the announcement into English: “Today, Sunday, on the 26th of the month, on the first painful anniversary of the death of our beloved Mother, of blessed memory, Fajga Kac, widow of Chaim, sister of the famous writer, of blessed memory, Jakob Dineson. There will occur at 1 p.m. at the grave of the deceased, a mourning service and an unveiling of the monument, to which we invite all relatives, friends, and acquaintances. —Her Children.

Then another email arrived from Simon. “I found her!” he wrote and included a link to a listing from the Okopowa cemetery in Warsaw:

Fagja Kac Cemetery Information
Fagja Kac Cemetery Information

Here was information about Dinezon’s sister Fajga (Feiga) Kac (Katz): her father’s name was Binyamin, her husband’s name was Chaim, her maiden name was Dinesohn, and she died on January 8, 1929. She was the sister of writer Yaakov Dinesohn and she lived to be 98 years old.

In the same database was a listing for her brother:

Dineson's Cemetery Information from FFDOJCIP
Jacob Dinezon’s Cemetery Information

The database also showed a photograph of the “Mausoleum of the Three Writers” where Dinezon is buried with the Yiddish authors I. L. Peretz and S. Ansky in Warsaw’s Okopowa Cemetery.

Mausoleum of the Three Writers in the Okopowa Cemetery
Mausoleum of the Three Writers in the Okopowa Cemetery

Now, if you look closely you will see Dinezon’s name in the middle with the dates 1858-1919 etched in the stone.

Mausoleum of the Three Writers Closeup
Notice the dates below Dinezon’s name: 1858-1919

This brings us to the other amazing discovery from our JewishGen researchers. For years scholars have been struggling to determine the year of Jacob Dinezon’s birth. The most common date you see mentioned in biographical entries is 1856 (as shown in the image from the Warsaw cemetery database above). Some references cite 1852 and the Haynt at the time of Dinezon’s death reported the year 1851.

Finally, the work of Simon Srebrny and Adam Teitelbaum may resolve this issue. As both researchers continued to investigate the Dinezon family tree, they discovered census information from Zagare, Lithuania for the years 1847, 1850, and 1851 in the Litvak-SIG database. There they uncovered a family named DENIZON that included a head of houshold named Benjamin Denizon, his wife Pera, and two daughters, Freida and Ginda.

Denizon Name in LitvakSIG Database 1847-50
Listing for the Benjamin Denizon family in the LitvakSIG Database, 1850, 1851.

Then the find! Again in the Litvak-SIG database, the 1858 census had a completely different spelling of the family name: DINERZUN. Included in this listing is a son: Yankel Eliash, seven years old! Again, the father is Benjamin, the mother is Pessa, the two daughters are Goda and Freyde, and there’s even a new sister, Chane.

Dinerzun Name in LitvakSIG Database 1858
Listing for the Benjamin Dinerzun family in the LitvakSIG Database, 1858

Now we have names to go with this wonderful photograph of Dinezon’s parents that was sent to me by Dr. Agnieszka Żółkiewska of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, Poland.

Jacob Dinezon's Parents Benjamin and Pessa
Benjamin and Pessa Dinezon from Ilustrirte velt, No. 10, 1919

So finally, through the miracle of modern technology, and all the volunteers who inputted volumes of data, we see that Yankel Eliash Dinerzun, son of Benjamin, was seven years old in 1858, and thus, was born in 1851! At last, confirmation of Jacob Dinezon’s birth year, and verification of what appeared in the August 29, 1919 edition of the Warsaw Yiddish newspaper, Haynt.

Sincerest thanks to Nicole Berline, Adam Teitelbaum, and Simon Srebrny for their research efforts. Thanks also to JewishGen and the JewishGen Discussion Group, the Genealogy Indexer, the Foundation for Documentation of Jewish Cemeteries in Poland, and JRI Poland. #CelebrateDinezon